Governance is the keystone of sound natural resource management. Its core principles - accountability, transparency, participation, and the rule of law - are at the heart of the efforts being made at local, national, bilateral and multilateral levels to ensure that decisions that affect natural resources and resource users are well-informed and implemented equitably. There is a real need for all those who are involved in making and implementing decisions to understand the basic concepts and principles of governance and be able to apply them in their daily work. There has been growing demand for a practical training course that allows target audiences to apply their understanding of natural resource governance in a way that maximizes their own effectiveness in their day-to-day work. Through six years of preparation and testing, IUCN, RECOFTC, and SNV combined resources to develop this Trainers’ Manual, offering sound theory and good practical guidance for teaching and learning about natural resource governance.